The most obvious places to look for memento mori meditations are in funeral art and architecture. Perhaps the most striking to contemporary minds is the transi or cadaver tomb , a tomb that depicts the decayed corpse of the deceased.
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This became a fashion in the tombs of the wealthy in the fifteenth century, and surviving examples still create a stark reminder of the vanity of earthly riches. Later, Puritan tomb stones in the colonial United States frequently depicted winged skulls, skeletons, or angels snuffing out candles. These are among the numerous themes associated with skull imagery. These are chapels where the walls are totally or partially covered by human remains, mostly bones.
The entrance to the Capela dos Ossos has the following sentence: "We bones, lying here bare, await yours. The danse macabre is another well-known example of the memento mori theme, with its dancing depiction of the Grim Reaper carrying off rich and poor alike. This and similar depictions of Death decorated many European churches.
Danse Macabre , Op. Timepieces were formerly an apt reminder that your time on Earth grows shorter with each passing minute. Public clocks would be decorated with mottos such as ultima forsan "perhaps the last" [hour] or vulnerant omnes, ultima necat "they all wound, and the last kills". Even today, clocks often carry the motto tempus fugit , "time flees".
Old striking clocks often sported automata who would appear and strike the hour; some of the celebrated automaton clocks from Augsburg , Germany had Death striking the hour.
The several computerized " death clocks " revive this old idea. Private people carried smaller reminders of their own mortality. Mary, Queen of Scots owned a large watch carved in the form of a silver skull, embellished with the lines of Horace, "Pale death knocks with the same tempo upon the huts of the poor and the towers of Kings. Memento mori has been an important part of ascetic disciplines as a means of perfecting the character by cultivating detachment and other virtues, and by turning the attention towards the immortality of the soul and the afterlife .
In the European devotional literature of the Renaissance, the Ars Moriendi , memento mori had moral value by reminding individuals of their mortality. In the late 16th and through the 17th century, memento mori rings were made. A version of the theme in the artistic genre of still life is more often referred to as a vanitas , Latin for "vanity".
These include symbols of mortality, whether obvious ones such as skulls or more subtle ones such as a flower losing its petals. See the themes associated with the image of the skull. Memento mori is also an important literary theme. These works were part of a Jacobean cult of melancholia that marked the end of the Elizabethan era.
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In the late eighteenth century, literary elegies were a common genre; Thomas Gray 's Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard and Edward Young 's Night Thoughts are typical members of the genre. Apart from the genre of requiem and funeral music, there is also a rich tradition of memento mori in the Early Music of Europe. Especially those facing the ever-present death during the recurring bubonic plague pandemics from the s onward tried to toughen themselves by anticipating the inevitable in chants, from the simple Geisslerlieder of the Flagellant movement to the more refined cloistral or courtly songs.
The lyrics often looked at life as a necessary and god-given vale of tears with death as a ransom, and they reminded people to lead sinless lives to stand a chance at Judgment Day. The following two Latin stanzas with their English translations are typical of memento mori in medieval music; they are from the virelai ad mortem festinamus of the Llibre Vermell de Montserrat from Memento mori was the salutation used by the Hermits of St. Paul of France , also known as the Brothers of Death.
Collateral Beauty Best Quotes – ‘It turns out death is an elderly white woman.’
Colonial American art saw a large number of memento mori images due to Puritan influence. The Puritan community in 17th-century North America looked down upon art because they believed that it drew the faithful away from God and, if away from God, then it could only lead to the devil. However, portraits were considered historical records and, as such, they were allowed. Thomas Smith , a 17th-century Puritan, fought in many naval battles and also painted. In his self-portrait, we see these pursuits represented alongside a typical Puritan memento mori with a skull, suggesting his awareness of imminent death.
The poem underneath the skull emphasizes Thomas Smith's acceptance of death and of turning away from the world of the living:. Truth Sounds Retreat: I am not sorye. But every day is also one that brings him closer to his likely death from cancer. Becklund's essay was published posthumonously after her death on February 8 of this year. One of the unique issues she grapples with is how to discuss her terminal diagnosis with others and the challenge of not becoming defined by a disease.
More important, and more honest, who would ever again look at me just as Laurie? Dorothy Parker was Lopatto's cat, a stray adopted from a local vet. And Dorothy Parker, known mostly as Dottie, died peacefully when she passed away earlier this month. Lopatto's essay is, in part, about what she learned about end-of-life care for humans from her cat.
But perhaps more than that, it's also about the limitations of how much her experience caring for a pet can transfer to caring for another person. Yes, Lopatto's essay is about a cat rather than a human being. No, it does not make it any easier to read. She describes in searing detail about the experience of caring for another being at the end of life. You know from the very first sentence — "Sara Thomas Monopoli was pregnant with her first child when her doctors learned that she was going to die" — that it is going to be tragic.
This story has long been one of my favorite pieces of health care journalism because it grapples so starkly with the difficult realities of end-of-life care. In the story, Monopoli is diagnosed with stage four lung cancer, a surprise for a non-smoking young woman. It's a devastating death sentence: doctors know that lung cancer that advanced is terminal.
Gawande knew this too — Monpoli was his patient.
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The animators and producer Don Hahn told him that the film was incredibly well received by the press. Howard Ashman — Over the course of his career, Howard Ashman won two Academy Awards out of seven nominations. Of these nominations, four are posthumous nominations, the most in Academy Awards history. On the Special Edition DVD of Beauty and the Beast , the Disney animators teamed up again and added a new song called "Human Again", which Ashman and Menken had written for the film, but was cut from the finished film.
On Disc 2, there is a short documentary entitled Howard Ashman: In Memoriam that features many people who worked on Beauty and the Beast who talk about Howard's involvement on the film and how his death was truly a loss for them.
Jeffrey Katzenberg claims there are two angels watching down on them that put their magic touch on every film they made. Those two angels are Ashman and Walt Disney himself. In March , Don Hahn confirmed he was working on a documentary biographical film about Howard Ashman. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
The Best Death Quotes
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